The ERP5 Rank is an investment tool that analysts use to discover undervalued companies. The ERP5 looks at the Price to Book ratio, Earnings Yield, ROIC and 5 year average ROIC. The ERP5 of Saipem S.p.A. (BIT:SPM) is 7111. The lower the ERP5 rank, the more undervalued a company is thought to be.

Many investors rely on technical analysis when making market decisions. Technical analysis enables investors to examine previous market activity to try and predict future stock price movement. Stock prices often move in trends that can be observed. A trend may remain in place until a specific technical line is breached. Many traders will develop strategies based on defined trends. Some investors will develop opposite strategies that tend to go against the trend. Many technical chart watchers are interested in finding patterns that may repeat in the future. Repetitive price movements have been studied for a long time. Investors may choose to develop highly complex systems for trading equities, while others may choose to follow simple trend lines to identify entry and exit points. Mastering the art of technical analysis may take a long time. Developing technical skills may be a very useful tool for the investor to add to the kit.

**Q.i. Value**

The Q.i. Value of Saipem S.p.A. (BIT:SPM) is 31.00000. The Q.i. Value is another helpful tool in determining if a company is undervalued or not. The Q.i. Value is calculated using the following ratios: EBITDA Yield, Earnings Yield, FCF Yield, and Liquidity. The lower the Q.i. value, the more undervalued the company is thought to be.

The EBITDA Yield is a great way to determine a company’s profitability. This number is calculated by dividing a company’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization by the company’s enterprise value. Enterprise Value is calculated by taking the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents. The EBITDA Yield for Saipem S.p.A. (BIT:SPM) is 0.120012.

The Earnings to Price yield of Saipem S.p.A. (BIT:SPM) is -0.688700. This is calculated by taking the earnings per share and dividing it by the last closing share price. This is one of the most popular methods investors use to evaluate a company’s financial performance. Earnings Yield is calculated by taking the operating income or earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and dividing it by the Enterprise Value of the company. The Earnings Yield for Saipem S.p.A. BIT:SPM is 0.029403. Earnings Yield helps investors measure the return on investment for a given company. Similarly, the Earnings Yield Five Year Average is the five year average operating income or EBIT divided by the current enterprise value. The Earnings Yield Five Year average for Saipem S.p.A. is 0.089318.

**FCF Yield 5yr Avg**

The FCF Yield 5yr Average is calculated by taking the five year average free cash flow of a company, and dividing it by the current enterprise value. Enterprise Value is calculated by taking the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents. The average FCF of a company is determined by looking at the cash generated by operations of the company. The Free Cash Flow Yield 5 Year Average of Saipem S.p.A. (BIT:SPM) is -0.039123.